01H Standard First Aid & AED Course

01H Standard First Aid & AED Course

Standard First Aid with AED Course Outline
(Delivery time: 24 contact hours – 3~4 days)

First Aid is the emergency care and treatment of a sick or injured person before professional
medical services are obtained. It is not meant to replace medical diagnosis and treatment. In
contrary to misconceptions, first aid is a temporary support until professional medical
assistance is available.

Defibrillation consists of delivering a therapeutic dose of electrical energy to the affected
heart with a device called a defibrillator.

To ensure that participants are able to provide effective first aid to casualties with
life-threatening conditions in emergencies and have the knowledge to attend other major
injuries that require first aid, with available resources including Automated External
Defibrillator (AED), and through repeatedly practicing the procedures.


(1) Participants are able to identify life-threatening situations.
(2) Participants are able to do what is necessary to save lives.
(3) Participants are able to provide CPR to adults in emergencies.
(4) Participants understand the principles of AED treatment.
(5) Participants are able to identify and provide treatment with AED.
(6) Participants know how to care for AED.
(7) Participants know how to manage situations in emergencies.
(8) Participants are able to provide first aid to common conditions.
(9) Participants know how to improvise when first aid equipment are not available.
(10) Participants are able to manager respiratory emergencies.
(11) Participants know how to identify a fracture and apply a splint.
(12) Participants are able to provide help to prevent further injuries to casualties.
(13) Participants are able to transport casualties in emergencies.
(14) Participants participate in an emergency simulation exercise and respond
(15) Participants are able to thoroughly understand emergency response
procedures through repeated practice.

This training will utilize continuous assessment methodologies (British Red Cross
methodologies) – there will not be a separate written examination unless otherwise
requested. The trainer shall keep competency assessment records of each participant
throughout the training. Assessment will be based on: (1) attendance and punctuality; (2)
participation in class; and (3) performance competency.
On successful completion of the training, a Standard First Aid certificate will be awarded to
each participant.

90% attendance is required to meet certification criteria. Due to unavoidable circumstances, if
any participant is unable to meet this requirement, a valid explanation is required. In such
situations, issuing of certificate is based on (2) and (3) of assessment criteria and
recommendation of the trainer.

Suggested Topics:
Major topics of this training course will be in detail including life-threatening conditions.
● What is first aid?
● Issues in Providing Care
– Consent of casualty
– Safety of first aider, casualty and bystanders
– Protective Precautions
– Critical Incident Stress & Victim Death
● Incident Management
● Primary Assessment & Basic Life Support
– Circulatory system
– Chain of survival
– Choking
– Drowning
– Smoke inhalation
– Trauma
– Airway obstruction
– Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for adult and children
o A for Airway
o B for Breathing
o C for Compressions/ Circulation
o D for Deadly Bleeding
– How to provide CPR for an extended time

● Secondary Assessment
– Head-to-toe
– History
– Check Vitals
● Circulatory Emergencies
– External Bleeding
o General treatment for blood loss
o Bandages and improvisation
o Embedded objects
o Cleaning wounds
o Prevention of infection
o Disposal of waste
o When to go for help
– Internal Bleeding
– Heart Attack & Angina
– Stroke
– Hypovolemic Shock
● Respiratory Emergencies
– Obstructed Airway
– Anaphylactic Shock
– Asthma
– Hyperventilation
– Penetrating chest wounds
– Choking management
● Anatomy of heart
● Conduction System of the Heart
– Electrical activities in the heart
● Different States of Heart
– Sinus Rhythm
– Ventricular fibrillation
– Ventricular tachycardia
– Asystole
● Basics of Cardiogram
● Supplementary oxygen therapy
– How to use bag-valve-mask (BVM or Ambu bag)
– Components of supplementary oxygen delivery system
– Oxygen therapy
● Soft Tissue Injuries
– Burns
– Electrocution
– Chest Injuries
– Abdominal Injuries
● Bone & Joint Injuries
– Musculoskeletal Injuries
– Immobilization
– Head & Facial Injuries
– Management of Suspected Spinal Injury with practice
● Environmental Illness & Injury
– Heat-Related Illness & Injury
– Cold-Related Illness & Injury
– Pressure-Related Illness & Injury
o Pressure-Related Illness & Injury
o Decompression Sickness
● Medical Conditions & Poisoning
– Diabetes
– Seizures
– Diarrhea
– Poisoning
● Transportation of casualties
– Hand seats
– Improvising materials for moving and lifting
– Improvised stretchers
– Placing casualty onto a stretcher
– Carrying casualties – teamwork
– Transporting casualties with spinal injuries
Topics could be added or removed depending on participant requirement.