01E Standard First Aid Course

01E Standard First Aid

Standard First Aid Course Outline
(Delivery time: 21 contact hours – 3 days)

First Aid is the emergency care and treatment of a sick or injured person before professional medical services are obtained. It is not meant to replace medical diagnosis and treatment. In contrary to misconceptions, first aid is a temporary support until professional medical assistance is available.

To ensure that participants are able to provide effective first aid to casualties with life-threatening conditions in emergencies and have the knowledge to attend other major injuries that require first aid, with available resources through repeatedly practicing the procedures.


  1. Participants are able to identify life-threatening situations.
  2. Participants are able to do what is necessary to save lives.
  3. Participants are able to provide CPR to adults in emergencies.
  4. Participants know how to manage situations in emergencies.
  5. Participants are able to provide first aid to common conditions.
  6. Participants know how to improvise when first aid equipment are not available.
  7. Participants are able to manager respiratory emergencies.
  8. Participants know how to identify a fracture and apply a splint.
  9. Participants are able to provide help to prevent further injuries to casualties.
  10. Participants are able to transport casualties in emergencies.
  11. Participants participate in an emergency simulation exercise and respond effectively.
  12. Participants are able to thoroughly understand emergency response procedures through repeated practice.

This training will utilize continuous assessment methodologies (British Red Cross methodologies) – there will not be a separate written examination unless otherwise requested. Trainer shall keep competency assessment records of each participant throughout the training. Assessment will be based on: (1) attendance and punctuality; (2) participation in class; and (3) performance competency.

On successful completion of the training, a Standard First Aid certificate will be awarded to each participant.

90% attendance is required to meet certification criteria. Due to unavoidable circumstances, if any participant is unable to meet this requirement, a valid explanation is required. In such situations, issuing of certificate is based on (2) and (3) of assessment criteria and recommendation of the trainer.

Suggested Topics:

Major topics of this training course will be in detail including life-threatening conditions.

• What is first aid?

• Issues in Providing Care
– Consent of casualty
– Safety of first aider, casualty and bystanders
– Protective Precautions
– Critical Incident Stress & Victim Death

• Incident Management

• Primary Assessment & Basic Life Support

– Circulatory system
– Chain of survival
– Choking
– Drowning
– Smoke inhalation
– Trauma
– Airway obstruction
– Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for Adult and Children
o A for Airway
o B for Breathing
o C for Compressions/ Circulation
o D for Deadly Bleeding

• Secondary Assessment
– Head-to-toe
– History
– Check Vitals

• Circulatory Emergencies
– External Bleeding
o General treatment for blood loss
o Bandages and improvisation
o Embedded objects
o Cleaning wounds
o Prevention of infection
o Disposal of waste
o When to go for help
– Internal Bleeding
– Heart Attack & Angina
– Stroke
– Hypovolemic Shock

• Respiratory Emergencies
– Obstructed Airway
– Anaphylactic Shock
– Asthma
– Hyperventilation
– Penetrating chest wounds
– Choking management

• Soft Tissue Injuries
– Burns
– Electrocution
– Chest Injuries
– Abdominal Injuries

• Bone & Joint Injuries
– Musculoskeletal Injuries
– Immobilization
– Head & Facial Injuries
– Management of Suspected Spinal Injury with practice

• Environmental Illness & Injury
– Heat-Related Illness & Injury
– Cold-Related Illness & Injury
– Pressure-Related Illness & Injury
o Pressure-Related Illness & Injury
o Decompression Sickness

• Medical Conditions & Poisoning
– Diabetes
– Seizures
– Diarrhea
– Poisoning

• Transportation of casualties
– Hand seats
– Use of material for lifting
– Improvised stretchers
– Placing casualty onto a stretcher
– Carrying casualties – teamwork
– Transporting casualties with spinal injuries